Fact Sheet

Climate Justice



NCEL Point of Contact

Ava Gallo
Climate and Energy Program Manager



Climate change impacts everyone. But because human societies were built on inequities, climate change does not impact everyone in the same way. For example, low-income communities have fewer resources to recover from climate disasters. In the United States, communities of color bear the brunt of pollution associated with fossil fuels and energy infrastructure. Worldwide, climate change has a disproportionate impact on women and children. Because climate change amplifies existing injustices and inequities, policies to address climate change should be designed to mitigate inequities and disproportionate impacts. Both in the U.S. and worldwide, individuals and communities that contributed the least to the climate crisis will face the greatest impacts. To advance climate justice, state legislation needs to identify and center environmental justice communities, build an inclusive economy, support community-driven solutions, require local pollution reductions, and facilitate a just transition.

Key Points

Key Point 1

Climate change worsens environmental conditions associated with chronic illness and injury and causes social and economic dislocations that most impact disadvantaged communities (Public Health Institute).

Key Point 2

Black individuals in the United States are 40% more likely to currently live in areas with the highest projected increases in extreme temperature related deaths (EPA).

Key Point 3

People in low-and lower-middle-income countries are around five times more likely than people in high-income countries to be displaced by extreme weather disasters (Oxfam).

Key Point 4

Programs by the Federal Emergency Management Agency “provide an additional boost to wealthy homeowners and others with less need, while lower-income individuals and others sink further into poverty after disasters” (FEMA National Advisory Council).


** indicates bipartisan support

  • NH S.B.152 (2023): Establishes a marine trades pathway, career and technical education workforce development and innovation fund, and establishes an offshore wind industry workforce training center committee.
  • **IL SB2132/HB3624 (2021) – invested up to $40 million per year to replace lost property taxes, and support economic development and job training; created a “bill of rights” for displaced workers and provided them with services and training.
  • ME L.D. 2018 (2022): established definitions for “environmental justice” and “front line communities;” set methods to incorporate equity decisions in deliberations at the state’s Department of Environmental Protection and the Public Utilities Commission.
  • CT SB 999 (2021) – set guidelines and requirements for renewable energy projects to incorporate community benefit agreements, apprenticeship programs, prevailing wage, and project labor agreements.
  • MD H.B.1200 (2022): required a person applying for a certain permit from the Department of the Environment to include in the application the EJ Score from the Maryland EJ tool for the census tract where the applicant is seeking the permit.


NCEL Resources

Online Resources

Environmental Justice - NCEL

NCEL's webpage on environmental justice with relevant facts and policies.

Go to resource
Just Transition - NCEL

NCEL's webpage on ensuring just transitions away from fossil fuels with relevant facts and policies.

Go to resource
Guide to Equitable, Community-Driven Climate Preparedness Planning - Urban Sustainability Directors Network

This guide provides strategies for involving community members in climate adaptation.

Go to resource
Making Equity Real in Climate Adaptation and Community Resilience Policies and Programs - Georgetown Climate Center

A guidebook for ensuring equity in climate adaptation and resilience efforts.

Go to resource
Solutions Library - Just Solutions Network

This resource library brings together the best work for or by BIPOC-Frontline communities on just policy and program solutions.

Go to resource
State-Based Policies to Build a Cleaner, Safer, More Equitable Economy - Blue Green Alliance

Provides examples and frameworks for state-level policies to build clean, safe, and equitable economies.

Go to resource

Empower State Environmental Champions

Your donation funds the fight for equitable actions that protect the environment and our health.